Many veterans understand that they are entitled to Veteran’s Preference Points, but often don’t understand what that means. First off, those who are disabled or who served on active duty in the Armed Forces during certain specified time periods are entitled, by law, to receive preference over non-veterans both in hiring from competitive lists of eligible hires and in retention during reductions in force.
This means you have to meet a set of criteria to be qualified for this action. Here are the general requirements:
1. Receive an honorable or general discharge is necessary.
2. Those military retirees at the rank of major, lieutenant commander, or higher are not eligible for preference unless they are disabled veterans.
3. Guard and Reserve active duty, for training purposes, do not qualify for preference.
4. When applying for Federal jobs, eligible veterans should claim preference on their application or resume. Applicants must also complete form SF-15, Application for 10-Point Veteran Preference.
The goal of preference won’t allow for every veteran to fill a vacant federal job position, however, preference provides a uniform method by which special consideration is given to qualified veterans seeking employment. This means that if you served for three years in the Army as supply personnel, you don’t automatically qualify for a GS-11 position.
This preference applies in civil service examinations and most service jobs by the U. S. Office of Personnel Management.
Keys to the 10-Point Preference
Ten points are added to the passing examination score if:
1. A veteran who served any time and who (1) has a present service- connected disability or (2) is receiving compensation, disability retirement benefits, or pension from the military or the Department of Veterans Affairs. Individuals who received a Purple Heart qualify as disabled veterans.
2. An unmarried spouse of certain deceased veterans, a spouse of a veteran unable to work because of a service-connected disability, and
3. A mother of a veteran who died in service or who is permanently and totally disabled.
How it Works
If you meet the criteria for preference and achieve a score of 70 or higher either by a written examination or an evaluation of your experience and education, you can obtain up to 10 extra points added that are added to your numerical preference rating.
For most positions, the names of 10-point preference eligible hires, who have a service-connected disability of 10 percent or more, are placed ahead of the names of all other hires on a given register. The names of other 10-point preference applicants, 5-point preference applicants and non-veterans are listed in order of their numerical ratings.
For scientific and professional positions in grade GS-9 or higher, names of all eligible hires are listed in order of ratings and then augmented by veteran preference.
Entitlement to veterans’ preference does not guarantee a job, as vacancies other than by appointment can be used to hire outside the list of eligible candidates.
Photo thanks to bpsusf under creative commons license on Flickr.
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